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PIDS Updates

FRIDAY/ 28 MAY 2021  



3RPS 2021-03: Process Evaluation of the Performance-Based Bonus Scheme
by Jose Ramon G. Albert, Ronald U. Mendoza, Janet S. Cuenca, Gina A. Opiniano, Jennifer D. Monje, Michael A. Pastor, and Mika S. Muñoz

This study examines the extent to which the Performance-Based Bonus (PBB) scheme has been executed and identifies implementation deficits, if any. Specifically, it looks into the bottlenecks and challenges encountered by government agencies in meeting the conditions to qualify for the PBB. It also presents initial data on the possible effects of the PBB on at least three levels: (a) agency-wide incentive effects, (b) team-level collaboration effects, and (c) individual staff-member incentive effects. This study finds mixed results on these three main channels of impact. It recommends a general review of the main policy objectives of this reform. It also identifies several concrete reforms that could help sharpen the PBB moving forward. Click here to download the research paper.


3RPS 2021-04: Regional Analysis of the Philippine Services Sector
by Ramonette B. Serafica, Jean C.M. Vergara, and Queen Cel A. Oren

In the Philippines, the services sector accounts for 60 percent of gross domestic product and almost 57 percent of employment. Across regions and subsectors, however, the contribution of services varies. Using a simple shift-share technique, this study examines the patterns at the regional and subsector level and decomposes the changes into three factors: national share (growth effect), industry mix (sectoral effect), and regional shift (competitive effect). Focusing on changes in employment, the shift-share decomposition reveals that the overall growth of the economy from 2012 to 2018 had a positive impact in all sectors and regions. However, some industries showed negative sectoral effects: accommodation and food service activities; arts, entertainment, and recreation; and education. Industry-specific factors in education services were quite strong that the economy's dynamism failed to offset the industry mix effect. It was the only sector that registered lower total employment during the period. In terms of the regional shift effects, 109 out of the total 204 regional service industries (53%) displayed locational disadvantages. Click here to download the research paper.



DP 2021-16: Regional Health Integration and Cooperation in the Philippines
by Valerie Gilbert T. Ulep and Lyle Daryll D. Casas

This paper has two objectives: (1) assess the health sector performance of the Philippines relative to other ASEAN member states and (2) assess regional health integration and cooperation in the Philippines and identify challenges and opportunities. The Philippines is lagging in critical health outcome and access indicators in the region. This is a reflection of the long-standing challenges in terms of health financing, health service delivery, governance, and health human resources. Health integration and cooperation could be instrumental in achieving health system goals. While the country has made significant stride in facilitating regional integration and cooperation in recent years, challenges related to regulations, infrastructure, and implementation remain. Click here to download the discussion paper.


DP 2021-17: How Ready Are We? Measuring the Philippines' Readiness for Digital Trade Integration with the Asia-Pacific
by Francis Mark A. Quimba, Sylwyn C. Calizo Jr., Jean Clarisse T. Carlos, and Jose Ramon G. Albert

This study assessed the Philippines' readiness for regional digital trade integration with the Asia-Pacific by using the Regional Digital Trade Integration Index (RDTII) framework to provide an analytical overview of the Philippines' digital trade policy and regulatory environment. Using the RDTII framework, the Philippines reported an overall RDTII score of 0.342 in 2020, which rates the country as having a slightly restrictive digital trade environment. In the same year, the Philippines performed best in three pillars: pillar 1 (tariffs and trade defense measures), pillar 6 (cross-border data policies), and pillar 8 (intermediary liability and content access). All of these three pillars scored less than 0.200, thus, indicating a nonrestrictive policy and regulatory environment. In contrast, the Philippines performed worst in three pillars: pillar 2 (public procurement), pillar 3 (foreign direct investment), and, pillar 5 (telecommunications infrastructure and competition). These three pillars reported a score of above 0.610, characterized by having a strongly restrictive policy and regulatory environment. Meanwhile, the Philippines was found to be slightly restrictive in intellectual property rights (pillar 4), domestic policies on the use of data (pillar 7), quantitative trade restrictions (pillar 9), standards (pillar 10), and online sales and transactions (pillar 11), which all received a score ranging from 0.210-0.400. This study finds that the Philippines generally has an open policy environment for digital trade, which suggests that it is ready for digital trade integration with the region. However, the proper implementation of some of these policies has not been fully achieved, and this could be a great obstacle or challenge to regional integration. Click here to download the discussion paper.


June 3, 2021, 2:00PM-4:30PM
Paving the Road to the Philippines' Digital Integration with the Asia-Pacific
(watch the livestream on the PIDS Facebook page)

June 10, 2021, 2:00PM-4:30PM
Examining Philippine Regulatory Policies on Solid Waste Management
(watch the livestream on the PIDS Facebook page)

June 17, 2021, 2:00PM-4:30PM
Improving the Land Tenure Security of Farmers and the Role of Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries Organizations in Enhancing Agricultural Productivity
(watch the livestream on the PIDS Facebook page)

June 24, 2021, 2:00PM-4:30PM
Senior High School Graduates' Prospects and Challenges in the Labor Market
(watch the livestream on the PIDS Facebook page)





The Philippine Journal of Development is a professional journal published by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies. It accepts papers that examine key issues in development and have strong relevance to policy development. As a multidisciplinary social science journal, it accepts papers in the fields of economics, political science, public administration, sociology, and other related disciplines. It considers papers that have strong policy implications on national or international concerns, particularly development issues in the Asia-Pacific region.

for the guidelines in the preparation of articles. Submissions and inquiries may be sent to PJD@mail.pids.gov.ph.




3'Supply side' issues cause decline in PH's immunization coverage--PIDS study

The decline in the country’s immunization coverage is largely due to recurring issues in the supply side of the government’s immunization program.
Jhanna Uy emphasized this at a recent webinar organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) titled “Examining the Country's Expanded Immunization Program and Primary Health Care for Noncommunicable Diseases”. READ MORE



3Primary health care crucial in implementing UHC Act in PH

The country should prioritize its primary health care (PHC) to succeed in implementing the Universal Health Care (UHC) Act.

Maria Rosario Sylvia Uy, lead of the Non-Communicable Disease Subgroup of the Department of Health’s (DOH) Disease Prevention and Control Bureau, emphasized this at a webinar recently organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). The webinar tackled the country’s Expanded Program on Immunization and its readiness to manage noncommunicable diseases. READ MORE



3PhilHealth, DOH jointly implement reforms to improve PH healthcare system

The Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth) and the Department of Health (DOH) have begun implementing health reforms to improve the country’s healthcare system.
Anna Liza De Leon, senior social insurance specialist of the Quality Assurance Group at PhilHealth, said this during a recent webinar organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). The virtual event featured two PIDS studies, namely, “Primary Health Care for Noncommunicable Diseases in the Philippines” and “An Assessment of the Expanded Program on Immunization in the Philippines: Challenges and Ways Forward”. READ MORE


3Creation of lead agency, key to addressing fragmented local water sector in PH--LWUA rep

The country needs a lead agency that will oversee the water sector, particularly its overall planning, programming, and policy formulation.

This was one of the key points raised by Elvira de Leon, Local Water Utilities Administration Division Manager for Corporate Planning, during a webinar recently organized by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS).

De Leon, a discussant at the webinar, mentioned this after a PIDS study titled “The Philippine Local Government Water Sector” showed the country’s water sector in a fragmented state “primarily due to ambiguous and overlapping institutional mandates”. READ MORE


3Expert urges gov't to reevaluate PH restrictive regulations on digital platforms

While the Philippines has existing laws that are ‘friendly’ to digital platforms, some restrictive policies and regulations still hinder their growth in the country.

In a webinar recently organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Aiken Larisa Serzo, consultant at the Technology Law and Policy Program of the University of the Philippines Law Center, presented the findings of her studies that tackled cross-border regulatory issues in the country’s digital platforms. READ MORE



3LGUs, water districts must collaborate for effective budget utilization post-Mandanas

A sound collaboration between local government units (LGUs) and local water districts is crucial for effective budget utilization after more funds are downloaded to local governments post-Mandanas.
Santa Maria (Bulacan) Water District General Manager Carlos Santos Jr. highlighted this during a recent webinar titled “Assessing National Government Support Programs for LGUs and Local Provision of Water Supply” organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS).
When the Supreme Court ruling on the Mandanas petition takes effect in 2022, LGUs will receive a higher share in the internal revenue allotment (IRA). READ MORE


3Gov't should review current PH regulations on platform economy--DTI rep

A review of the country’s regulations on the platform economy is necessary to reap its benefits.

Marie Sherylyn Aquia, chief of the Multilateral Relations Division of the Bureau of International Trade Relations of the Department of Trade and Industry, emphasized this during a recent webinar organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS).

Aquia, a discussant at the webinar, said “there is a need to get rid of bad regulations that could stifle competition and inhibit innovation” as the digital economy continues to flourish in the country. READ MORE



Every Friday, PIDS releases nuggets of research results culled from different PIDS studies. Here are some of the latest #PIDSFactFriday issues.

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Get to know more about our research findings through our newest infographic series--#PIDSInfoBits. Here are our latest issues.

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Like us on Facebook for more #PIDSFactFriday and #PIDSInfoBits issues.



Webinar Bites

Watch these videos and get a glimpse of the highlights of our webinars on "Examining the Country's Expanded Immunization Program and Primary Health Care for Noncommunicable Diseases" held on April 29 and “Taxation of the Digital Economy and Costs and Benefits of Customs Duties Moratorium on Electronic Transmissions” held on May 20.




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