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PIDS Updates




3PIDS Book 2019-02: Outside Looking In:
Gendered Perspectives in Work and Education

by Philippine Institute for Development Studies

From a distance, there is not much to improve in the Philippines' gender landscape. The country is 8th in the global ranking of gender parity and the only one in Asia to be included in the top 10. But the picture on the ground reveals persistent gender gaps in education, employment, and wages. They can undermine the country's hard-won advances, long-term development aspirations, and international commitments if we continue to turn a blind eye on them.

This very first book on gender and development of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies articulates the salient challenges confronting men and women today. It features research studies on the apparent lag in the education of boys, the gender differences in educational mobility, the important roles of housework in the economy, the effects of nonmarket work such as housework on labor market participation, and the gender pay gap in agriculture. This volume will hopefully widen the public's understanding of these gender issues and stimulate our policymakers to reflect on the evidence and recommendations. Click here to download the book.

PIDS EPM 2018-2019: Understanding the New Globalization
by Philippine Institute for Development Studies

This issue of the Economic Policy Monitor (EPM) focuses on the diverse challenges brought by the New Globalization or Globalization 4.0, a period characterized by volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity. It specifically looks at issues on global trade restructuring, worsening inequality, challenges to the provision of global public goods, and weakening of social cohesion and trust. It also assesses the country’s economic performance in 2018 and looks at the prospects for 2019–2020. It also provides policy updates on poverty reduction; women; health; education; labor and employment; housing; agriculture; environmental protection, forestry, and mining; energy; industry; services; and fiscal policy. Click here to download the publication.



RPS 2019-06: Facilitating Structural Transformation through Product Space Analysis:
The Case of Philippine Exports

by Connie Bayudan-Dacuycuy and Ramonette B. Serafica

This research assesses the sophistication content of the country's current export portfolio and identifies products that result in a more diversified and high value-added mix of export commodities. Using some metrics from the product space, the paper finds that the average sophistication of products included in the country's export basket has barely improved from 1995 to 2014. It has remained lower than the average sophistication content of exports in the world market. The paper also finds that some of the products in the country's existing export basket has potential forward linkages to goods with relatively higher sophistication content, which in turn has potential linkages to even more sophisticated goods. However, transformation does not happen overnight and requires well-thought-out policies, plans, and priorities. To this end, the paper advocates the implementation of measures outlined in the Philippine Export Development Plan. It also identifies other potential actions toward human capital development, innovations, and infrastructure programs. Click here to download the publication.

RPS 2019-05: Obstacles of Philippine SMEs' Participation in Global Value Chains
by Jamil Paolo S. Francisco, Tristan A. Canare, Jean Rebecca D. Labios

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play an important role in the economy of many developing countries. In the Philippines, SMEs, including microbusinesses, account for 99.5 percent of firms and 63.2 percent of employment. However, this sector remains much less productive than their large counterparts. One way to help SMEs achieve higher productivity is to connect them to global value chains (GVCs). There are, however, a number of obstacles that make participating in GVCs difficult for SMEs. This paper attempts to determine the challenges as well as the enablers of connecting SMEs to GVCs. Findings indicate that Philippine SMEs are weakly linked to GVCs. The challenges and enablers can be grouped into five themes: (1) competition among countries in Southeast and East Asia; (2) international standards, regulatory requirements, and local institutions; (3) role of the government and institutions; (4) adapting to changes in international market demand and input supply; and (5) entrepreneurial mindset and skills. Click here to download the publication.



DRN 2019 Vol. 37 No. 4: Poor global health financing hurts PH, rest of ASEAN
by PIDS Research Information Staff

The last issue of the Development Research News this 2019 features the highlights of the fifth Annual Public Policy Conference (APPC), zeroing in on the challenges related to the emerging New Globalization, also known as Globalization 4.0. The banner article specifically captures one of the key messages of the APPC, that is, the Philippines, together with the rest of middle-income countries, is under threat due to poor investments in global health. Also included are PIDS studies on housing, rice tariffication, small and medium enterprises, and senior citizens. Completing this issue is an article on smart cities, which can be a potent tool to address the issues arising with the advent of the New Globalization. Click here to download the newsletter.



PN 2019-12: Improving Human Resource through Mutual Recognition in ASEAN
by John Paolo R. Rivera, Cynthia P. Cudia, and Tereso S. Tullao Jr.

This Policy Note reviews mutual recognition arrangements (MRAs) facilitating the movement of skilled labor within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and provides an alternative lens in analyzing the mobility of skilled workers in ASEAN. Among others, it finds that while MRAs have inspired continuous improvement of professional competencies to be at par with the international competition, benchmarking of best practices is lacking. Mobility of professionals, in reality, may not ensue because nearly every country has visa, residence, and work permit restrictions, which can impede the movement of professionals to country locations where they are needed. There is hesitation among ASEAN member-states to give up their domestic regulation and nationally defined standards toward accrediting and licensing professionals. Hence, there is a need to reform domestic regulations to liberalize highly restrictive professions. For ASEAN to realize free trade in services, member-states are urged to harmonize their regulatory frameworks in order to have convergence of regulations, establish a harmonized and streamlined process of identifying the training needs and addressing the competency gaps of professionals, and promote a multistakeholder approach to curriculum design and quality control. Click here to download the policy note.



DP 2019-35: Perception survey in the Philippines on APEC
by Francis Mark A. Quimba and Sylwyn C. Calizo Jr.

DP 2019-34: Assessing the Alignment of Philippine Higher Education with the Emerging Demands
for Data Science and Analytics Workforce

by Brenda A. Quismorio, Maria Antonette D. Pasquin, and Claire S. Tayco

DP 2019-33: JPEPA, a Decade After: Evaluating the Effects in Philippine Exports
using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM)

by Mark Anthony A. Barral and Francis Mark A. Quimba

DP 2019-32: Who Are the Health Workers and Where Are They? Revealed Preferences
in Location Decision among Health Care Professionals in the Philippines

by Michael R.M. Abrigo and Danica Aisa P. Ortiz

DP 2019-31: Situation Analysis of ECCD-F1KD Initiatives in Selected UNICEF-KOICA Provinces
by Michael R.M. Abrigo, Connie Bayudan-Dacuycuy, Aubrey D. Tabuga, Lora Kryz C. Baje, Carlos C. Cabaero,
and Zhandra C. Tam

DP 2019-30: Situation Analysis of ECCD-F1KD Initiatives in the Province of Samar
by Aubrey D. Tabuga and
Carlos C. Cabaero

DP 2019-29: ECCD-F1KD Situation Analysis in Selected KOICA-UNICEF Municipalities in Northern Samar
by Connie Bayudan-Dacuycuy, Lora C. Kryz Baje, and Maria Alma P. Mariano

DP 2019-28: Situational Analysis of Distal Factors Affecting Early Childhood Care and Development
in the First 1000 Days of Life in Zamboanga del Norte

by Michael R.M. Abrigo and Zhandra C. Tam

DP 2019-27: Impact of Government Incentive on MSME Innovation
by Francis Mark A. Quimba and Maureen Ane D. Rosellon

DP 2019-26: Philippine Graduate Tracer Study 4
by Melba V. Tutor, Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr., and James Matthew Miraflor

DP 2019-25: Regional Analysis of the Philippine Services Sector
by Ramonette B. Serafica and Jean Colleen M. Vergara

DP 2019-24: Determinants of E-Commerce Adoption of Philippine Businesses
by Francis Mark A. Quimba and Sylwyn C. Calizo Jr.

DP 2019-23: Financing Universal Health Care in an Ageing Philippines
by Michael R.M. Abrigo

DP 2019-22: Answering Critical Questions on Mining in the Philippines: Phase 2
by Ludwig John H. Pascual, Sonny N. Domingo, and Arvie Joy A. Manejar

DP 2019-21: Too Early, Too Late: Timeliness of Child Vaccination in the Philippines
by Valerie Gilbert T. Ulep and Jhanna Uy

DP 2019-20: Socioeconomic Profile of Sustainable Livelihood Program Participants:
Evidence from a Household Survey

by John Paul P. Corpus, Marife M. Ballesteros, and Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr.

DP 2019-19: Performance of Philippine Services Trade: An Update
by Ramonette B. Serafica

DP 2019-18: Assessment of the Philippine Local Government Planning and Budgeting Framework
by Charlotte Justine Diokno-Sicat, Maria Alma P. Mariano, Angel Faye G. Castillo, Catharine E. Adaro, and Ricxie B. Maddawin

DP 2019-17: Philippine Statistical System in the Wake of the Emerging Data Revolution and Digitization
by Jose Ramon G. Albert and Jana Flor V. Vizmanos

DP 2019-16: Welfare Impacts of Rice Tariffication
by Roehlano M. Briones

DP 2019-15: Process Evaluation of the Performance-Based Bonus (PBB) Scheme
by Jose Ramon G. Albert, Ronald U. Mendoza, Janet S. Cuenca, Gina A. Opiniano, Jennifer Decena-Monje,
Michael A. Pastor, and Mika S. Muñoz

DP 2019-14: Assessment of the Free Irrigation Service Act
by Roehlano M. Briones, Roberto S. Clemente, Arlene B. Inocencio, Roger A. Luyun Jr., and Agnes C. Rola

DP 2019-13: Status of Senior High School Implementation: A Process Evaluation
by Karen Dominique B. Brillantes, Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr., Kris A. Francisco-Abrigo, Erlinda M. Capones,
and Justine Beatrice B. Jovellanos

DP 2019-12: Assessing the Readiness of Filipino MRA-supported Professions To Participate
in the Mobility of Skilled Labor in the ASEAN Region: Lessons for APEC Economies

by John Paolo R. Rivera, Cynthia P. Cudia, and Tereso S. Tullao Jr.


December 12, 2019, 9AM–5PM
Save the Children-PIDS Research Forum on
Inclusive Education

Venue: B Hotel, Scout Rallos St., Barangay Laging Handa, South Triangle, Quezon City





The Philippine Journal of Development is a professional journal published by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies. It accepts papers that examine key issues in development and have strong relevance to policy development. As a multidisciplinary social science journal, it accepts papers in the fields of economics, political science, public administration, sociology, and other related disciplines. It considers papers that have strong policy implications on national or international concerns, particularly development issues in the Asia-Pacific region.

CLICK HERE for the guidelines in the preparation of articles. Submissions and inquiries may be sent to PJD@mail.pids.gov.ph.


3Gov't should hasten compensation for rice farmers

Efforts should focus on accelerating the compensation for farmers who are affected by the Rice Tariffication Law.

This was what Roehlano Briones, senior research fellow and agricultural trade expert at state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), emphasized at the knowledge-sharing forum jointly organized by PIDS and the Congressional Policy and Budget Research Department of the House of Representatives recently.

In his presentation on the assessment of the Rice Tariffication Law, he stressed that using the 2018 data—the year before the law was passed—to assess its impacts is “not a good starting point”. READ MORE

3'Exporting more, importing less' key to addressing PH trade deficit in PH—BoI official

Trade deficit in the Philippines is quite alarming, said Executive Director Ma. Corazon Dichosa of the Board of Investments (BoI), an attached agency of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).

Dichosa revealed that the trade deficit of the country for the past five years has averaged 76.54 percent.

“[F]rom 2014 to 2018, our trade deficit has been growing. [I]t is already around USD 127.93 billion. What is alarming is that trade deficit has been increasing in the last year, 2018, and has ballooned to negative USD 47 billion,” Dichosa said during the Annual Public Policy Conference (APPC) organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies this year. READ MORE


3Gov't urged to prioritize basic educ to prepare young Filipinos for the New Globalization

Keeping up with the demands of the New Globalization involves ensuring that Filipinos are equipped with the necessary skills as early as possible.

In a speech delivered by Department of Foreign Affairs Undersecretary for International Economic Relations Lourdes Yparraguirre during the Fifth Annual Public Policy Conference (APPC) conducted by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), she mentioned that one of the present administration’s key areas for policy action is the enhancement of human resources in the country.

“[The] president said we should focus more on investing in human capital development through the enhancement of our basic education system and skills matching to seamlessly converge with the requirements of our businesses and the demands in our labor markets,” Yparraguirre explained. READ MORE



How is the Philippines faring in SDG achievement? Goal 4: Quality Education

Goal 4 of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aims to “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”. UN member-states, including the Philippines, committed to conduct regular and inclusive reviews of their progress at the national and sub-national levels.

This infographic aims to shed light on the progress the country is making to achieve Goal 4 by showing data on some indicators. It also outlines the challenges and constraints it is facing and provides some recommendations.

This infographic is based on PIDS Discussion Paper Series No. 2019-10 titled The Philippines’ Voluntary National Review on the Sustainable Development Goals written by Celia Reyes, Jose Ramon Albert, Aubrey Tabuga, Arkin Arboneda, Jana Flor Vizmanos, and Carlos Cabaero. The first author is president, the second author is senior research fellow, the third author is research fellow, the fourth and fifth authors are research specialists, and the sixth author is research analyst of PIDS.

To view in actual size, visit the PIDS website or the PIDS Facebook page.


The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is the Philippine government’s primary poverty alleviation initiative. What did PIDS studies find about the 4Ps so far? Watch the latest #PIDSFactFriday video below.


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© 2018 Philippine Institute for Development Studies.